region and Texas are worst polluters in United States
and Canada, study shows
Tom Cohen, Associated Press, 5/30/2002 07:54
TORONTO (AP) The biggest polluters in the
United States and Canada are Texas, Ohio, Ontario, Michigan,
Pennsylvania and Indiana, a new study shows.
summary of North American pollution, issued Wednesday
by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation set up
under the North American Free Trade Agreement, looks at
overall pollution in 1999 compared to the previous five
top six polluting states and provinces, all of them except
Texas in the Great Lakes region, accounted for 35 percent
of the total pollution releases, according to the study.
of the top 50 polluting facilities were located in the
Great Lakes region.
report shows industrial pollution released into the North
American environment has decreased slightly in recent
years, but producers send more of it to landfills and
other off-site facilities.
Ferretti, executive director of the commission, called
the 3 percent decrease overall ''nothing to get too excited
about'' because of increases in some kinds of pollution
and the larger amounts that producers send away.
looks like we're just redirecting it,'' she said.
there was a decrease in air pollution, by far the largest
kind of pollution in North America, the amounts released
into the water and ground or sent to landfills all increased,
summary covers most industry in Canada and the United
States, with Mexican companies only starting to report
figures. Some major industries, such as electricity utilities,
only became part of the report in 1998.
1999, the total amount of pollution released or transferred
elsewhere was 3.4 million tons, with 1.7 million tons
released into the air, water and ground, the study said.
More than 1 million tons went to recycling, and the rest
was sent away for treatment, energy recovery or disposal,
noted a 3 percent decline in the amount of cancer-causing
chemicals released over the 1995-99 period, half the 6
percent decline in all chemicals for the same period.
to the study, the facilities with the largest amount of
carcinogenic releases were the Kennecott Holdings Corp.
copper smelter in Magna, Utah; an Elementis Inc. chromium
facility in Corpus Christi, Texas; Chemical Waste Management
of the Northwest Inc. in Arlington, Ore.; Occidental Chemical
Corp. in Castle Hayne, N.C.; and a Monsanto facility in
said the study makes no distinction for greenhouse gases,
the target of emissions reductions demanded by the Kyoto
Protocol. The U.S. government has rejected the 1997 Kyoto
agreement as harmful to the economy, while Canada is undecided
on whether to ratify it.