Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
Cleveland Plain Dealer
Published December 26, 2006
Initial version signed by President Nixon and Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1972. Updated several times since.
Purpose: "To restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the waters of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem."
Obligates both countries to develop programs, practices and technology aimed at fulfilling its goals.
Calls for "virtual elimination" of discharging persistent toxic chemicals into the waters, and prohibition on dumping toxic substances in harmful amounts.
Calls for preventing pollution from municipal sewer systems; industrial sources; agriculture, forestry and other land use activities; shipping; other sources.
Empowers International Joint Commission, a binational advisory agency, to collect information and submit progress reports.
Alliance for the Great Lakes: www.greatlakes.org
Canadian Environmental Law Association: www.cela.ca
Council of Great Lakes Industries: www.cgli.org
Environment Canada: www.on.ec.gc.ca/greatlakes/default.asp?lang
Great Lakes United: www.glu.org
International Joint Commission: www.ijc.org
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality: www.michigan.gov/deq
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency page on the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement: www.epa.gov/glnpo/glwqa/index.html